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Internet of Things (IoT) Infrastructure: 8 Factors to Learn

Building a well-functioning IoT infrastructure might seem challenging – and it really is. When creating an IoT infrastructure for your specific needs, there are many things to consider. However, you can still manage it if you use standard best practices. Hence, here’s what you need to know about the elements of an IoT infrastructure and the eight factors you need to consider.

Elements of an IoT Infrastructure

Before you start building your IoT infrastructure, you should first understand what it is made up of, so here are the critical elements of any IoT infrastructure:

  • Sensors and Actuators – The IoT sensors and actuators are connected through the IoT network. Different types of sensors are used for measuring specific things (e.g., humidity). While sensors measure, actuators perform the actions. This means that actuators can be pretty different in their appearance and function.
  • Internet Gateways – When edge computing is used, Internet gateways are the ones distributing computational power. For example, data processing can be done at the “edge” instead of on a central server. This allows more flexibility and speed, which, in turn, prevents outages and reduces network congestion.
  • Edge IT Systems – Regarding edge computing, edge IT systems are critical for a well-functioning IoT infrastructure. These systems create a distributed network which leads to faster response times, better bandwidth availability, and improved insights delivery.
  • Cloud Data Center – To put it simply, this facility is used to store critical apps and data. The data center can include anything from firewalls to routers and work with different data types (e.g., enterprise data, colocation data).
  • Cybersecurity – A less tangible yet necessary aspect of IoT infrastructure is cybersecurity. You will need to utilize the principles of security by design to ensure safety at all stages of the network. Use risk analysis to perform an assessment beforehand and design an IoT infrastructure that will be secure and reliable.
  • Communications – The IoT communications platform is the space where all the components of your IoT infrastructure are connected. All the interfaces can be consolidated into a single one with the help of this platform.
  • Analytics and Aggregation – Another platform you will need is the one for analytics and aggregation. IoT data often comes in large volumes, so a dedicated platform for its analytics and collection is essential.
  • Cloud Facility – Lastly, a cloud facility is used to provide a variety of services that range from hosting to storage. These services can be used by individuals and organizations depending on the types of off-premise forms used.

#1 Scalability

Scalability is one of the most essential aspects when building your IoT infrastructure. Simply put, scalability refers to your infrastructure’s ability to work with more or less complex processes, process more significant quantities of data, and perform various actions. In the simplest sense, scalability is about the opportunities you have for the future of your IoT infrastructure.

In an ideal situation, scalability will not require much from you. Namely, it shouldn’t be time-consuming and shouldn’t require too many investments on your side regarding software and hardware. However, you should still consider your budget, resources, and future plans. Perhaps you don’t need to focus so much on scalability (though you should still view it).

#2 Security

Much like scalability, security is critical in determining how well your IoT infrastructure will function in the short and long term. Making sure everything is safe and secure will allow you to feel more confident in the IoT infrastructure itself. You will have peace of mind about its operations and level of protection (of processes, data, and so on).

#3 Usability

Regarding comfortably using your IoT infrastructure, usability is above all else. You can find an expert writer from the writing services site Best Writers Online who can analyze your needs and create a report for you with your top priorities in terms of usability. This report will be valuable for planning the way you will make your IoT infrastructure.

You need to decide what matters to you the most regarding usability and then focus on them. Different companies and individuals will have other priorities for the kind of usability they want. Nevertheless, you should still focus on usability as an approach (i.e., everything should be easy to use when working with your IoT infrastructure).

#4 Connectivity Management

Managing your connectivity is also something to consider when building your IoT infrastructure. How your IoT data is processed and where exactly that happens will influence how your entire system works. For instance, your data could be processed mainly in the cloud. On the other hand, you might need more local processing capabilities.

In case the data are needed in specific locations, connectivity management should definitely be one of your top priorities. Moreover, you should also take into account the factor of your bandwidth. What are the overall connectivity requirements? How much bandwidth do you need for specific processes or solutions?

#5 Data Management

Data aggregation and management, as well as data sensitivity, should also be discussed when building your IoT infrastructure. You will probably have specific data-related needs, so you need to consider those because they can determine how your data will be collected, aggregated, stored, and managed, among other things.

Your IoT infrastructure needs to process the collected data quickly and manage all the income data simultaneously. Efficient data management is essential for making decisions quickly. Moreover, specific setups (e.g., working with data on the “edge”) will require specific data management approaches that have to be considered while building your IoT infrastructure.

#6 Integration Capabilities

While your IoT infrastructure should be able to stand on its own and function efficiently, you will still benefit a lot from having integration capabilities in your system. If you work with a specific service often – say, the custom writing service Writing Judge, where you connect with writers – then you need to be able to integrate with it. It will allow you to streamline all your processes and achieve maximum results.

In most cases, IoT solutions’ most basic integration capabilities are related to your company’s organizational aspect. Focus on standard service providers when building your IoT infrastructure because that will allow you to transfer your apps later if needed. If any solutions you use integrate with your current enterprise software, you should keep that in mind when creating your IoT system.

#7 Intelligent Capabilities

Like integration capabilities, intelligent capabilities can take your IoT infrastructure to a new level while ensuring that your current processes are not disrupted but optimized. Remember that IoT is not just about connecting your devices to the Internet and letting them do what they do. It’s about building this connected network with more innovative solutions.

For example, machine-generated data can be used for actionable insights and practical benefits. You should consider all of the aforementioned aspects of an IoT infrastructure, especially connectivity, but focusing on intelligence is also necessary to create a system that fully meets your needs.

#8 Adaptability

Last but not least, consider the adaptability of your IoT infrastructure when creating it. Adaptability is not just about how your system can be used for different purposes. Instead, it refers to the adaptability of your IoT network in the long run – its ability to adapt to the changes and development in the technology field.

IoT is one of the most rapidly-developing fields today. This means that what you are using today could become obsolete tomorrow. You need to ensure that your IoT infrastructure can be optimized over time and adapt to technological changes. Obviously, this aspect is the one that is the hardest to measure, but you still can manage that. For example, consider whether you can substitute the different parts of your system if the need arises. Think about your short-term goals, but don’t forget your long-term ones.


All in all, creating your own IoT infrastructure is definitely possible on your own, but it’s much better to find professionals who can do it for you.

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